Xiaofei Kang F'20, F'06

Xiaofei  Kang
Associate Professor
Religion
The George Washington University

ACLS Fellowship Program 2020
Associate Professor
Religion
The George Washington University
Enchanted Revolution: Ghosts, Shamans, and Gender Politics in Communist Propaganda, 1942-1953

This book project challenges the prevailing assumption that the Chinese Communist revolution offered no room for religion. It examines the intertwined discourses of religion and revolution in Communist propaganda in the Party’s quick rise to dominance from the 1940s to the early 1950s. Crossing the political divide of 1949, this project argues that the Party utilized religion to mobilize widespread support and to construct a new form of legitimacy for its rule. It further demonstrates that gendered language and symbolism defined how propaganda workers manipulated and reconfigured traditional religious resources for the revolution. The book promotes new understanding of the revolution's tenacious connections with the old cultural system and its bearings on contemporary politics.

ACLS Fellowship Program 2006
Assistant Professor
Modern Languages
Carnegie Mellon University
Contesting the Yellow Dragon: Religion, Ethnicity, and Modernity in China's Borderland

This study combines history and ethnography to examine Huanglong (“Yellow Dragon”), a multi-ethnic pilgrimage center and UNESCO World Nature Heritage reserve in western China. In the post-socialist era a tourist economy is transforming ethnic traditions and the religious landscape as the state and local groups, including Han Chinese, Tibetan, Qiang, and Muslim, contest historical ownership of the site. Textual research reveals unexpected breaks and continuities in local ethno-religious history. Fieldwork exposes conflicts among UNESCO's environmental policies, China's development plans and indigenous beliefs in sacred place. The study aims to contribute to better comparative understanding of the role of religion in constructing ethnic identity and modernity in an age of global tourism.