African Humanities Program Postdoctoral Fellowships

Through fellowship competitions, regional workshops, and peer networking, the African Humanities Program provides support to the humanities in five African countries, including Ghana, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania, and Uganda. The centerpiece of the program is the distribution of fellowships to African scholars in these countries for work on dissertations, research projects, and scholarly manuscripts. Postdoctoral awards are listed below; also see dissertation completion awards.The program is supported by the Carnegie Corporation of New York.

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Watch "Emerging Themes and Methods of Research: A Discussion with ACLS Fellows," an annual meeting session featuring recent ACLS fellows. 

 

Philip Onoriode Aghoghovwia
Philip Onoriode Aghoghovwia  |  Abstract
This book-length study examines the relationship between cultural production, oil extraction and the environment in a postcolonial context of Nigeria’s Niger Delta. Drawing on theories that frame oil in culture, global environmental justice discourse, and ecocriticism, the project investigates and determines the intervention that the literary imagination might make in understanding the sites and landscapes of oil extraction. It suggests that the Niger Delta is the quintessential landscape where everyday life and the oil infrastructure are intimately intertwined; and reflects on what it would mean to consider literary responses to oil extraction as a form of “petro-environmentalism”, precisely because they critique the oil industry in the way that it impacts on local environments and degrades indigenous livelihoods. Finally, the project identifies the manner in which petro-environmental literatures (might) challenge the assumptions that inform ecocriticism and push against its aesthetic boundaries, in order to stimulate a transnational discourse of environmentalism.

, Department of English Language & Literature, University of Cape Town, South Africa  -  Reading Perocultures in the Niger Delta: An Eco-Critical Enquiry

Elinaza Mjema
Elinaza Mjema  |  Abstract
The proposed study seeks to examine burial practices and thus infer beliefs and social structure of the early Swahili communities at Pangani Bay from 8th to 15th centuries AD. Archaeologists working on the East African coast have often reported the accidental encounter of human remains during excavation, however, specific information concerning social identity of the buried individuals has not been published yet. In the context of the proposed study an excavation at burial site at Kimu, situated on the southern bank of Pangani River shall be conducted in order to investigate the social structure of early Swahili communities. The study will focus on issues such as age, gender, social status and identity of the buried. It will employ approaches from mortuary archaeology during excavation and analysis of archaeological and osteological materials. The study will be to the benefit of historical understanding and identity of the local community at Pangani.

Lecturer, Department of Archaeology and Heritage, University of Dar es Salaam  -  Archaeological Investigation of Early Swahili Burial Practices at Pangani Bay on the Northern Tanzania Coast

Kayode Ayobami Atilade
Kayode Ayobami Atilade  |  Abstract
The paradox of the African world is now a recurring feature in postcolonial writings and this is being conceptualized in the trope of home. Tahar Ben Jelloun is a writer whose novels aim at deconstructing the conventional notion of home by exposing cultural disorientedness and socio-political disillusionment that characterize the African societies. His novels have received critical attention but with little from the linguistic perspective. Since language in itself has a duty to communicate to the society, this work, using Critical Discourse Analysis as investigative tool, examines the way Ben Jelloun deploys discursive strategies to subvert ‘home’. It studies the way language is used to unveil ideologies and expose social anomies that problematize the notion of home in Jelloun’s novels. It is observed that the characters’ conceptions of their home obviously reflect in their discourses as they denigrate everything it represents and long for alternative loci away from home.

Lecturer I, Foreign Languages, Obafemi Awolowo University  -  Towards Deconstructing Home: Discourse as Subversive Strategy in Tahar Ben Jelloun's Novels

Gibson Ncube
Gibson Ncube  |  Abstract
This study analyses the role of literature in creating knowledge and an archive of “marginal” sexuality in North Africa. Cultural and religious discourses have not only marginalised non-normative sexualities but more importantly rendered them invisible. A bourgeoning body of literary works has dared to break the implicit pact of silence on such sexualities. Drawing on Jacques Derrida’s postulations on the archive, this study contends that the construction of an archive of “marginal” sexuality involves a questioning and challenging of the existing hegemonic heteronormative archive of sexuality which has deliberately rendered non-normative sexualities invisible, taboo and unsayable. This study will show that in the quest to re-member these marginalised sexualities; the project to construct an archive and knowledge of “marginal” sexualities relies greatly on the French archive of non-normative sexualities. This reliance is however imbued with agency considering how the selected corpus of literary texts also destabilise the orientalist gaze which has constructed North African sexualities as exotic and ‘other’.

, Department of Modern Foreign Languages, Stellenbosch University  -  Spaces and Temporalities: Literary Narratives and the Creation of a Queer Archive in North Africa

Joan-Mari Barendse
Joan-Mari Barendse  |  Abstract
In this research project I investigate the representation of insects in contemporary South African literature. I analyze the works of award-winning South African authors Willem Anker, Henrietta Rose-lnnes and Ingrid Winterbach (pseudonym Lettie Viljoen) within the framework of Human-Animal Studies (HAS). HAS is an internationally bourgeoning field, and in South Africa there is recently also an increase in scholarly activity in HAS. By employing the HAS framework, I explore the position of the postcolonial, post-apartheid subject as reflected in contemporary South African literature. I examine whether the relationships between humans and insects portrayed in the works can be described as posthuman, or if they rather represent anthropocentric dualism.

Lecturer, Department of Afrikaans and Theory of Literature, University of South Africa  -  The Representation of Insects in Contemporary South African Literature

Jeremiah Nwankwegu
Jeremiah Nwankwegu  |  Abstract
It is an established fact that the youth, especially in the cities, through linguistic manipulation, create distinctive speech varieties, meant to establish a separate identity. This work proposes to explore the morphosyntactic and pragmatic features of the Igbo Urban Youth Vernacular (IUYV) spoken in the metropolitan cities of the South-Eastern Nigeria. The work will seek to show that, though, IUYV is built on the matrix/dominant language of the area (Igbo), it exhibits some distinctive pragmatic and morphosyntactic patterns, characterised by morphological hybridity, vernacularised/grammaticalized syntactic distortions/deviations and heavy pragmatic abstractions. These are besides the features of complex multi-code-switching/mixing and use of slang and dialect materials. It will also show that, lexically and morphosyntactically, IUYV display regional variations across the metropolitan cities of South-East Nigeria. The ideas proposed in this work are significant because they have the potentials to reshape the theoretical and empirical thinking on youth language.

Graduate Assistant, Department of Linguistics and Literary Studies, Ebonyi State University  -  Urban Youth Vernacular in South-Eastern Nigeria: A Pragmatic and Morphosyntactic Approach

George William Byarugaba
George William Byarugaba  |  Abstract
There is a nexus between concepts of human dignity, cultural and religious food symbols and the problem of food insecurity. This study explores this complex relation aiming to advance the thesis that cultural and religious symbolisms around food that perpetuate food insecurity, implicate concepts of human dignity and, as such, the challenge of food insecurity is one of the human values rather than of technique. In that regard, the processes, which consider food insecurity without considering the value of human dignity, are unlikely to yield plausible results. Without disregarding other approaches, it seems that the systematic handling of human dignity in relation to symbols attached to food production and distribution has potentially much to contribute. Therefore, this study draws on a distinctive African conception of human dignity to demonstrate its potential to address the problems of food insecurity by way of contesting cultural and religious symbolism about foods.

, Department of Religion and Theology, University of the Western Cape  -  The Complex Relationship Between Human Dignity, Food Symbols, and Food Insecurity

Henrietta Mambo Nyamnjoh
Henrietta Mambo Nyamnjoh  |  Abstract
Drawing on qualitative research amongst Cameroonian migrants living in Cape Town, South Africa, this study explores the trans-local and (trans)national interconnections migrants are forging with various religious denominations to seek healing and deliverance in their daily lives and emotional challenges in the host country of South Africa. It focuses on how (trans)national and trans-local religious activities find fertile ground for salvationist Pentecostalism among migrants desperately seeking physical/emotional wellbeing in a challenging host context, and their leaning towards ‘prosperity gospels’ that combined spiritual and socio-economic success. This study examines the under-documented (trans)national religious activities of Cameroonian migrants who are in search of answers to existential problems – illness, sorcery/spiritual attack, challenges of obtaining legal status, prosperity and joblessness, family feuds and marital issues. It questions to what extent are Pentecostal churches in Cape Town relevant to migrants’ everyday lives and how do migrants navigate and negotiate the different religious spheres?

, African Centre for Cities, University of Cape Town, South Africa  -  Religious Transnationalism and the Quest for Physical and Spiritual Healing: The Case of Cameroonian Migrants in Cape Town

Crispen Chinguno
Crispen Chinguno  |  Abstract
Strike violence remains salient post the democratic transition despite the shift from non-hegemonic to hegemonic modes of control based on consent. This raises questions why it remains significant despite structural changes. This project explores experiences, meanings and changes ascribed to strike violence and how this has changed overtime and the intersection with solidarity and insurgent unionism. Furthermore, it unpacks expression of strike violence in language, songs, muti and sangoma. This project is to be developed into a book manuscript and empirical evidence will be drawn from a historical and ethnographic research and triangulation of archival research, interviews and observations. The project contributes in understanding how South African order is attained, sustained, challenged and change overtime. I argue that the meaning of strike violence is ambiguous. It is part of the making, remaking and unmaking of order. Moreover, strike songs, muti, sangoma and violence are part of forging worker collective solidarity.

Postdoctoral Fellow, Society Work and Development Institute(SWOP), University of Witwatersrand  -  Shifting Dynamics of Strike Violence, Solidarity and Worker Insurgency: A Case of the Platinum Belt, 1982 to 2015

Greg Orji Obiamalu
Greg Orji Obiamalu  |  Abstract
Negation which is the grammatical/semantic marking of the denial of a proposition is a language universal phenomenon. However, the strategies for marking negation in different languages differ significantly. Even within the same language, the dialects may differ in their negation marking strategies. This is the case with Igbo, a language spoken in Southeastern Nigeria. The dialects differ significantly in the way they negate different sentence types. This study dwells on negation and its associated grammatical changes when compared with the affirmative sentences in the Igbo dialects. The study compares the negation marking strategies used for different sentence types in seven selected dialects of Igbo using both descriptive and theoretical approach. The theoretical framework adopted for the study is Minimalist Program of the Chomskyian Generative Grammar. The study intends to show that even though the negative marking strategies differ significantly across the Igbo dialects, the strategies obey the same principles in line with the assumptions of Universal Grammar which MP framework is based on.

Reader, Department of Lingusitics, Nnamdi Azikiwe University  -  Negation and Negation Marking Strategies in the Igbo Dialects: A Comparative Study

Anna-Marie Magdalena De Beer
Anna-Marie Magdalena De Beer  |  Abstract
The aim of this project is twofold and contains both a research and a writing component:Writing: My first and main objective is to produce a monograph from the research recently completed for my Phd. My thesis deals with literary representations of the Rwandan genocide and in particular the transnational, polyphonic writing project undertaken by a group of African intellectuals from Djibouti, Senegal, Guinea, Burkina Faso, Chad, Rwanda and Côte d’Ivoire and entitled "Rwanda: écrire par devoir de mémoire". I plan to delineate the scope and structure of my intended monograph, secure a publisher and proceed to writing the monograph as set out below in SectionV. 2. Research: My further aim is to extend the scope of my thesis to include additional texts on the genocide. I will need to gather and analyse this information, which will then form the final chapter of my monograph.

Lecturer, Department of Modern European Languages, University of Pretoria  -  Sharing the Burden of Testimony after the Genocide in Rwanda

Chukwuma Onyebuchi Okeke
Chukwuma Onyebuchi Okeke  |  Abstract
The number of senses in an Igbo verb has remained topical in Igbo syntax, semantics and pragmatics. This study engages with the interface between semantics and pragmatics. It investigates the senses of Igbo perceptive verbs to further establish the basic argument that compositional content of lexical items and contexts of usage play very important roles in deriving the senses in Igbo verbs. The study adopts a descriptive survey using tape recorded utterances of the Igbo language speakers in Nigeria, to identify the manifestations and uses of all Igbo perceptive verbs h?? (see), le? (look), n?? (hear/smell/taste), me?t?? (feel/touch). The occurrences of the above verb roots in the utterances shall be shown and precisely analysed. The study seeks to establish how and the extent to which the gap between linguistic meaning and speaker’s meaning can be filled by context.

Lecturer I, Department of Linguistics, Igo & other African Languages, University of Nigeria, Nsukka  -  The Interface Between Semantics and Pragmatics: Focus on Verbs of Perception in the Igbo Language

Reginald Akuoko Duah
Reginald Akuoko Duah  |  Abstract
The aim of this project is to provide a detailed description and analysis of causative expressions in the languages of the Kwa family of the Niger-Congo language phylum. Typological studies on causative expressions have been largely in languages of Europe and Asia; rarely have investigations extended to African languages. However, a cursory look at African vernaculars clearly shows that our understanding and analysis of causation phenomena cannot be complete without rigorous typological research in African languages. The project focuses on three main areas of Kwa causation: (a) how causation is encoded; (b) the morphosyntactic properties of the forms and structures; (c) major event types of causation. This research will present fresh, relevant, areal data to cross-linguistic studies of the causative and will identify the status of the Kwa causatives in other language typology studies.

Lecturer, Department of Linguistics, University of Ghana  -  Causatives in Kwa: Form, Structure and Meaning

Iwebunor Okwechime
Iwebunor Okwechime  |  Abstract
This study examines the role of spirituality in the struggle of Ijaw youth militias against the Nigerian state and the multinational oil companies operating in the region. Essentially, it seeks to demonstrate why youth militias which proliferated in all parts of pre-amnesty Niger Delta drew inspiration from the history of resistance to internal and external oppressors through the invocation of the Ijaw war god, Egbesu. In doing so, it lays bare the contradiction inherent in the projection by youth militias of Egbesu as a god of discipline, justice and liberation and the barefaced criminality and lawlessness perpetrated by youth militias across the region in the name of Egbesu. Among the ethnic minorities of the Delta region, the Ijaw represent a classic example of oil-producing communities that have had to fall back on the spiritual resources of their people in the course of their resistance against the Nigerian state and the oil companies. By examining the role of spirituality in the struggle against perceived oppression, the study highlights the place of spirituality in youth militancy in the Nigeria’s Niger Delta region

Lecturer I, Department of International Relations, Obafemi Awolowo University  -  Spirituality and Youth Militancy in the Niger Delta, Nigeria

Ngozi Ugo Emeka-Nwobia
Ngozi Ugo Emeka-Nwobia  |  Abstract
The study is a critical evaluation of how linguistic resources are utilized by Christian Pentecostal preachers to construct individual and collective ideologies and identities, legitimize their actions, and persuade listeners, through their sermons. The study shall be carried out within the framework of Norman Fairclough (1995) and van Dijk (2001)’s model of Critical Discourse Analysis. This is to enable us establish the relationship between language, ideology, gender institution and power in a social system. The Systemic Functional Linguistic (SFL) theory shall also be utilized to contextualize the discourses within a socio-cultural framework thereby reinforcing the interrelationship between language and the social system. The corpus draws from interviews and observations of church services of three Pentecostal churches, namely; Living Faith Church, Mountain on Fire Ministry and Christ Embassy churches. It seeks to demonstrate how religious groups persuade or coerce others to accept their ideologies.

Senior Lecturer, Department of Linguistics and Literary Studies, Ebonyi State University  -  Ideology and Identity Construction in the Discourse of Nigerian Pentecostal Pastors

Mutiat Titilope Oladejo
Mutiat Titilope Oladejo  |  Abstract
In the many accounts of nationalist agitations in colonial Nigeria, the act of petitions writing by women did not receive the much deserved attention. Petitions written by women in colonial Yorubaland challenged the hegemony of colonial administrators, European merchants, the Lebanese, indigenous merchants and the traditional political system and it ultimately contributed to Nigeria’s nation building. This research therefore examines the history of Yoruba women’s participation in the nationalists and decolonisation processes. It analyses how Yoruba women deployed the use of petitions for political emancipation. It seeks to use an integrative historical approach to deepen knowledge of the African society through the combination of primary and secondary sources. It explores how changes induced by colonialism created the social, cultural and political milieus that made women resolve to writing petitions to advance developmental issues affecting the society. This study establishes the role of Yoruba women in Nigerian nation building.

Lecturer II, History, University of Ibadan  -  Women and Petitions Writing in Colonial Yorubaland, 1900 to 1960

Willemien Froneman
Willemien Froneman  |  Abstract
'Concertina Modalities' is the first academic study on boeremusiek, a genre of concertina-based dance music mostly practised by white Afrikaans-speaking South Africans. It explores the overlaps of discursive and affective meanings in the history and contemporary practices of the genre. Based on the premise that musical pleasure can be experienced with reserved commitment, the project furthers a theory of social modalities. Different modalities of affective engagement are traced: boeremusiek’s blackface history, the emotive theme of embarrassment in the genre’s reception, notions of rapture in the archival documents of songcatcher Jo Fourie, the tonality of capital in mid-twentieth-century practice, and the juxtaposition of material excess and conservative ideology at contemporary events. Employing novel methodologies and approaches, the disciplinary advances of the book lie in its treatment of theory, ethnography and history with sensitivity towards the material rather than in submission to disciplinary expectations, thereby opening up new avenues for the African humanities.

Postdoctoral Fellow, Department of Music, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa  -  Concertina Modalities: Modalities of Pleasure in 'White' South African Folk Music

Mofeyisara Oluwatoyin Omobowale
Mofeyisara Oluwatoyin Omobowale  |  Abstract
Oju, the economic space and Inu, the associational space are two symbolic cultural processes through which traders gain acess and maintain their stay in the market. Though the market presents a façade of open entry, but its spaces and major resources are however, controlled by a network of gate-keeping hegemonic leaders. Entrance is not necessarily through the financial capability of a potential trader, but through the hegemonic values, associated with the concepts of oju and inu which directly or indirectly affect all other events in informal market development. The study will therefore,examine the importance of Oju and Inu in Ibadan market system, through the use of ethnography in purposely selected markets in Ibadan.

, Institute of Child Health, University of Ibadan  -  Oju and Inu Structure the Transactional Space: Hegemony and Organization of Urban- Markets in Ibadan, Nigeria

Idom Thomas Inyabri
Idom Thomas Inyabri  |  Abstract
This research sets out to interrogate the imagery of the environment in poetry from the Niger Delta region of Nigeria. With particular focus on the works of four representative poets such as J. P. Clark (Bekederemo), Tanure Ojaide, Joe Ushie and Ogaga Ifowodo, the research explores the imagery of the environment as an embodiment of human and non-human nature, which effective characterization highlights the travails of a traumatized nation. The research exploits, primarily, the theoretical tool of Postcolonial Eco-criticism, which recognizes that human and non-human environment are equally implicated in the literary text. Uncoupling five basic tropes through which the environment has been configured in Niger Delta poetry, the study concludes that the poetics of the Niger Delta is an eco-centric cum cultural expression of a fragmented nation which is representative of contemporary Nigeria's troubled postcolony.

Lecturer I, Department of English and Literary Studies, University of Calabar  -  The Environment in Poetry from the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria

Neo Lekgotla laga (Lawrence) Ramoupi
Neo Lekgotla laga (Lawrence) Ramoupi  |  Abstract
Robben Island Prison—the Alcatraz of the Apartheid State—off the coast of Cape Town, in South Africa is the subject of this book proposal. It examines the role of culture in the African liberation struggle in South Africa, especially the part songs played in that struggle. It uses the case study of Robben Island prison, from 1960 to 1991 to narrate African liberation movements of South Africa. The prison was at the heart of that struggle; and whilst a great deal has been written about the heroic struggles on Robben Island. Little, if any, has been said about the cultural struggles and achievements of the Robben Islanders. The inhuman conditions of imprisonment on Robben Island failed to destroy the will of artists who wanted to voice their achievements and failures, hopes and frustrations, and the inevitability of their release and ultimate liberation through song, singing and music. The book affirms that culture played an important role in the liberation struggle of Africa; but sadly, it is in the arena of culture that little attention has been paid.

Senior Researcher, Monitoring & Evaluation Directorate, Council on Higher Education, South Africa  -  A Culture History of Robben Island: Izingoma zoMzabalazo Esiqithini (Struggle Songs on Robben Island) Book & Documentary Film

Fridah Katushemererwe
Fridah Katushemererwe  |  Abstract
The study examines how morphological and phonological features of a verb root and verb extensions influence the order and combination of verbal suffixes in Runyakitara. Using a blend of affix order theories in Bantu languages and cross-linguistic analytical approach, the study demonstrates how the different conjugations fit together to form coherent stems. The study draws its data from the existing Runyakitara text corpora, and speech data elicited from interviews with monolingual Runyakitara speakers. The study yields significant insights into the underlying phonological and morphological rules that trigger affix ordering in Runyakitara, a basis for building new theoretical frameworks for the examination of suffix ordering and combinability in Bantu languages in particular and linguistics in general.

Lecturer, Department of Linguistics, English Language Studies and Communication Skills, Makerere University  -  Ordering and Combination of Verbal Affixes in Runyakitara

Abubakar Sani Sule
Abubakar Sani Sule  |  Abstract
The continuing interest by archaeologists exploring social subject of cultural identity is opening up more grounds for further understanding of a cultural process of ‘hausaisation’. This research intends to examine technological methods of pottery making from artefacts excavated from three sites in Bauchi state, Nigeria to view how social and political networks of the last millennium influenced the development of cultural complex called Hausa today. The research argues that potsherds are useful indicators of various localised customs noted by historical sources in the 9th century AD, seemingly transformed into a new global ethnicity in the West Africa's Savannah. It concludes that the collaborative use of ethnography and archaeology is vital for meaningful cultural research, especially focusing the last millennium

Lecturer I, Department of Archaeology, Ahmadu Bello University  -  Pots and People: Production Techniques as Tool for Delineating Extent of Hausa Cultural Boundaries in Nigeria

Demola Lewis
Demola Lewis  |  Abstract
Ubang, spoken in Obudu, Nigeria, has gender-based language varieties whereby different terms are used for certain basic items in female and male speech forms. For instance, “okwakwe” and “abu” are respective feminine and masculine words for “dog”. Each gender uses its own variety consistently, even when conversing with adults of the other gender. Thus, there is a diglossia situation in which two gender-restricted varieties are used in Ubang community. Previous studies on the dual-sex speech forms of Ubang centred on gender (in)equality with little attention paid to how gender diglossia developed and how it is transferred to children. Hence, this study intends to investigate the antecedents of Ubang gender diglossia and its intergenerational transfer. Gender disaggregated basic words, natural conversation; focused group discussions and in-depth-interviews with purposively selected persons will be (critically) discourse analysed to tease out the ideology, agents and cultural factors which foster trans-generational maintenance of gender diglossia.

Lecturer I, Department of Linguistics and African Languages, University of Ibadan  -  Genesis and Intergenerational Transfer of Ubang Gender Diglossia

Clara Doo-Oron Stephanie Vande-Guma
Clara Doo-Oron Stephanie Vande-Guma  |  Abstract
The topic focuses on analysing the bride price negotiation process in order to ascertain whether the tradition is demeaning to women or not. By means of the combination of two approaches to genre studies: Miller’s (1984) treatise on “Genre as Social Action” and the Systemic-Functional Linguistics (SFL) genre studies, the investigations focus on using both ethnographic and linguistic methods to collect data via direct observation of actual bride price negotiation events (i.e. Kém ú Kwásé) and analyses of transcribed texts of the dialogue generated during the negotiations. It is expected that findings would specify the manner in which the bride price is negotiated, the roles assigned to men and women in the course of the event, if it is used as an avenue for enrichment or a representation of the value of the woman (and the girl child) in the Tiv cosmos.

Lecturer I, Department of Educational Foundations & General Studies, Federal University of Agriculture  -  The Bride Price Negotiation Discourse Among the Tiv of North Central Nigeria: Demeaning…Perhaps Not ?

Rasheedah Liman
Rasheedah Liman  |  Abstract
This study examines the representation of Boka (the medicine man) in Hausa dramatic traditions. The main function of Boka is healing through application of herbs to individuals afflicted by all conceivable ailments, physical and psychological. Boka's holistic medicine is still in demand even with rapid social transformation. However, despite the challenges of modernity, institutionalized religions of Islam and Christianity are resolutely opposed to Bokaye (plural of Boka). The placebo effect, shamanistic slant and the abracadabra associated with Boka's medicine have since transformed this practice into an art. Bokanci is now turned into an object of mimicry, which is elsewhere appropriated for popular entertainment, by especially those who view it as a form of medical quackery. This study seeks to find out why, despite attempts to undermine Bokanci by dominant social and cultural structures in Hausa society, the practice continues to endure and appeals to popular imagination through dramatic performances.

Lecturer II, Department of Theatre and Performing Arts, Ahmadu Bello University  -  Representing Boka and His Art of Medicine in Hausa Dramatic Traditions

Olajumoke Yacob-Haliso
Olajumoke Yacob-Haliso  |  Abstract
The central argument of this study is that in post-conflict situations to which refugee women return, their experiences, told in interviews, stories, songs and other texts are an intimate part of the construction of the idea of ‘home’ necessary for their reintegration. This process is also mediated by the parallel construction of ‘home’ that is undertaken by local and international agencies that manipulate language and memory to encourage repatriation. This study will collect primary data through interviews with Liberian returnee women as well as other types of texts (stories, songs, epitaphs, etc) that help answer the research questions. The qualitative data thus generated will be subjected to thematic qualitative data analysis, and presented mostly in narrative.

Senior Lecturer, Department of Political Science and Public Administration, Babcock University  -  Forging a Homeland: The Construction of ‘Home’ by Returnee Refugee Women in Liberia

Happinos Marufu
Happinos Marufu  |  Abstract
It has been established that behavioural elements of the Late Stone Age (LSA) hunter-gatherers and their adaptive strategies on the Murewa-Mutoko landscape was influenced by the geo-ecological settings of the areas they inhabited and other socio-cultural considerations (Marufu, 2012). However, one of the geo-ecological zones studied yielded little amount of archaeological evidence which cannot be used for meaningful comparisons of foraging behaviour. Thus, the proposed study seeks to increase the study sample by excavating two Stone Age sites from the Murewa geo-ecological zone and analysing the recovered archaeological evidence. The study is expected to answer questions on the organisation of lithic technology, use of space, subsistence strategies and the transition from Middle Stone Age (MSA) to LSA in north-eastern Zimbabwe. These were the research gaps left by the previous study, which the current one seeks to address as the applicant develops his manuscript for publication.

Visiting Scholar, School of Geography, Archaeology and Environmental Studies, University of Witwatersrand  -  Hunter-gatherers of Murewa-Mutoko Landscape: An Archaeological Study of Human Behaviour During Late Stone Age